A key component of any lease negotiation is the tenant improvement allowance provided by the landlord to build-out or retrofit an office space for the tenant’s specific use.
One of the first questions every tenant has when considering either new or refurbished office space revolves around how much will build-out or tenant improvements (T.I.) cost? The tenant’s cost exposure is a key factor in the decision making process and important component in determining your projected total occupancy cost.
Projecting build-out costs beyond general ranges is challenging without the benefit of the space planning process, and so many building type options and lease size parameters that affect this estimate. Our friends at Kirksey Architecture provided this Tenant Improvement Cost Guideline.
Tenant Improvement Costs: Updated 2016
BUILDING STANDARD OFFICE SPACE: $41 to $50/SF
($39 to $48/sf in 2015)
The most basic applicable space in a type A building, but using all new components – 18-cell parabolic lights, standard 2×2 ceiling, plastic laminate building standard doors with mortised hardware, no glass at office fronts, minimal millwork and all plastic laminate, $25/yd broadloom carpet, standard electrical and HVAC.
MID-RANGE TYPICAL OFFICE SPACE: $54 to $71/SF
($53 to $67/sf in 2015)
Upgraded with 2×4 recessed direct/indirect light fixtures, 2×2 fineline ceiling, wood veneer building standard doors with mortised hardware, full-height glass office fronts in aluminum framing system, more extensive plastic laminate millwork with solid surface countertops throughout, $35/yd carpet tiles, more extensive electrical service with 24/7 server room AC and two supplemental fan-coil units for conference room zones.
EXECUTIVE OFFICE SPACE: $88 to $145/SF
($89 to $142/sf in 2015)
Upgraded with some drywall ceiling areas with indirect cove lighting, architectural woodwork doors and frames, glass office fronts in matching wood framing; 30% of wall areas as premium-grade architectural woodwork, 40% with acoustical fabric wallcovering, 30% as painted drywall; extensive wood veneer millwork with granite countertops, $45/yd broadloom carpet, more extensive lighting and custom fixtures for artwork and accent areas.
FURNITURE: $18 to $60/SF
($20 to $55/sf in 2015)
Building standard office space: $18 to $28/sf
Mid-range office space: $22 to $36/sf
Executive office space: $42 to $60/sf
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